The treatment, remediation and recycling of soil and groundwater represent a mature market, technologically speaking. The business environment is composed primarily of local SMEs. However, there are several major engineering consulting firms active internationally.
The biggest driver for the development of this sector in Québec will be the mining industry soil that needs to be decontaminated. A number of SMEs have also developed expertise in the assessment and biological treatment of contaminated sites. Some are also active in R&D.
The École Polytechnique, INRS, Concordia and the ÉTS with its Canada Research Chair in Characterization of Contaminated Sites are particularly active in the field.